In gastric sleeve surgery, a surgeon removes part of the stomach and makes a narrow tube or "sleeve" out of the rest. The new, banana-shaped stomach is much smaller than the original stomach. After the operation, a person will eat less, feel full sooner, and be less hungry. Thus lose the weight without trouble.
Gastric Sleeve surgery :
This surgery can really help people who are very overweight and have serious health problems because of their weight. But it isn't a "fix it and forget it" kind of surgery. Not everyone who wants the surgery will be eligible to get it.
To be considered for surgery, a person must be committed to changing his or her eating and exercise habits over the long term.
-Is at least 16 years old with more than 80 pounds (36 Kilograms) of extra weight to lose.
-Is healthy enough to handle surgery.
-Has medical problems that could improve with significant weight loss, such as sleep apnea , diabetes, or heart problems.
-In case the patient is under 18 years old he or she must be with both or one parent during all the operation process.
Gastric bypass surgery :
Gastric bypass surgery that helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat. After the surgery, your stomach will be smaller. You will feel full with less food. The food you eat will no longer go into some parts of your stomach and small intestine that absorb food. Because of this, your body will not get all of the calories from the food you eat.
Steps of the surgery :
-The surgeon makes 4 to 6 small cuts in your belly.
-The scope and instruments needed to perform the surgery are inserted through these cuts.
-The camera is connected to a video monitor in the operating room. This allows the surgeon to view inside your belly while doing the operation.
Advantages of laparoscopy over open surgery include: -Shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery.
-Smaller scars and a lower risk of getting an infection.